1829 The Rocket. photograph Gary Roberts
Stephensons Rocket Number One (1829) led to the huge expansion of coal usage which persisted through factories and homes.
Measurements of air in ice cores show that for the past 800,000 years up until the 20th century, the atmospheric CO2 concentration stayed within the range 170 to 300 parts per million (ppm), making the recent rapid rise to nearly 400 ppm over 200 years particularly remarkable.
As Earth warmed from the last ice age, temperature and CO2 started to rise at approximately the same time and continued to rise in tandem from about 18,000 to 11,000 years ago. Changes in ocean temperature, circulation, chemistry and biology caused CO2 to be released to the atmosphere, which combined with other feedbacks to push Earth into an even warmer state.
For earlier geological times, CO2 concentrations and temperatures have been inferred from less direct methods. Those suggest that the concentration of CO2 last approached 400 ppm about 3 to 5 million years ago, a period when global average surface temperature is estimated to have been about 2 to 3.5°C higher than in the pre-industrial period. At 50 million years ago, CO2 may have reached 1000 ppm, and global average temperature was probably about 10°C warmer than today. Under those conditions, Earth had little ice, and sea level was at least 60 metres higher than current levels. ( The Royal Society, independent scientific academy of the UK and the Commonwealth, dedicated to promoting excellence in science ).
In April of 2018, the Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii recorded an average concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide above 410 parts per million (ppm). This was the highest monthly average in recorded history, and in fact according to ice core records it is the highest value in at least 800,000 years.
With the persistent ignoring of these factors any government, leader or corporation will be judged as guilty of Ecocide (the destruction of large areas of the natural environment as a consequence of human activity).
Which will de facto make them guilty of genocide due to starvation and conflict caused by environmental destruction.
Northern California’s Camp Fire and the Woolsey Fire in the south have collectively burned more than 240,000 acres, killed at least 74 people, and more than 1,000 people are still missing.
“Nobody thought this could happen,” Donald Trump told reporters during one of his stops.
He also said, after viewing the destruction, that his views on climate change had remained unchanged.